The Northeastern region borders New Hampshire to the north, Boston to the south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the East. Proximity to Greater Boston and New Hampshire gives industries in this region the advantage of being close to extensive markets, suppliers, and research facilities. The region's largest business centers, Lowell and Lawrence, are located only 25 miles from downtown Boston's financial district. The Merrimack River, birthplace to the country's Industrial Revolution, has served as an important industrial river and continues to be a valuable resource for the region. The historic North Shore region includes several of Massachusetts' oldest port communities including Salem, Gloucester, and Newburyport and is a center for the fishing and tourism industries. The communities of Andover, Beverly, Danvers, and Peabody are home to several major high technology companies including: Analogic, Philips Medical Systems, Raytheon, and Wyeth.
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The Northeastern region's exceptional transportation resources help keep transportation costs low and response time competitive. Interstates 93 and 95 provide the region with direct north-south access and Interstate 495 provided excellent east-west access between Lowell and Lawrence.
The Boston & Maine Railroad provides efficient north-south freight service. Commuter trains operated by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority also provide service to the area. The region's proximity to Boston gives it superior national and international air transportation access through Logan International Airport.
Manchester Airport in nearby New Hampshire provides additional options for domestic flights. The Port of Gloucester, one of Massachusetts' six deep water ports, provides an alternative to the Port of Boston.
The computer industry, electronics, telecommunication, and industrial machinery constitute a significant portion of the Northeastern region's industrial and employment base. Through the Center for Industrial Competitiveness at the University Massachusetts at Lowell, the region is a leader in forging business and university partnerships. The region also boasts three outstanding community colleges: Middlesex, Northern Essex, and North Shore.
Salem State College also works with the private sector in bringing new ideas to market and assisting small, start-up companies in developing the necessary tools to launch new products. The region also benefits from an extensive array of training and retraining programs related to many industrial sectors. The Center for Cooperative Education at Merrimack College offers a variety of professional development and skill-based programs.